Length and Time Phasing of Assistance
Generally, grants will be awarded annually in September. Awards to Local Councils will be made on a competitive basis for a 17-month project period (i.e., September 30, 2004 - February 28, 2006).
Formula and Matching Requirements
If the funds appropriated to carry out this program are less than $150 million for any fiscal year, the Administration for Children and Families, Child Care Bureau, shall award grants for the fiscal year directly to Local Councils, on a competitive basis, to pay the Federal share of the cost of carrying out early learning programs in the locality served by the Local Council. In any fiscal year, one percent of the total amount appropriated will be reserved to be allotted to Indian Tribes, regional corporations, and Native Hawaiian entities of which, 0.5 percent shall be available to Indian Tribes, and 0.5 percent shall be available to Regional corporations and Native Hawaiian entities. If the funds appropriated are $150 million or more, after reserving one percent for Indian Tribes, Regional Corporations, and Native Hawaiian entities, the Administration for Children and Families, Child Care Bureau, shall allot to each State the sum of: 1) An amount that bears the same ratio to 50 percent of such funds as the number of children 4 years of age and younger living in families with incomes below the poverty line in the State to the number of such children in all States; and 2) an amount that bears the same ratio to 50 percent of such funds as the number of children 4 years of age and younger living in families with incomes below the poverty line in the States bears to the number of children in all States. No State shall receive an allotment for a fiscal year that is less than 40 percent of the total amount appropriated for the fiscal year under ELOA. The Federal share of costs will be 85 percent for the first and second years of the grant, 80 percent for the third and fourth years of the grant, and 75 percent for the fifth and subsequent years of the grant.
A formula may be based on population, per capita income, and other statistical factors. Applicants are informed whether there are any matching requirements to be met when participating in the cost of a project. In general, the matching share represents that portion of the project costs not borne by the Federal government. Attachment F of OMB Circular No. A-102 (Office of Management and Budget) sets forth the criteria and procedures for the evaluation of matching share requirements which may be cash or in-kind contributions made by State and local governments or other agencies, institutions, private organizations, or individuals to satisfy matching requirements of Federal grants or loans.
Cash contributions represent the grantees' cash outlay, including the outlay of money contributed to the grantee by other public agencies, institutions, private organizations, or individuals. When authorized by Federal regulation, Federal funds received from other grants may be considered as the grantees' cash contribution.
In-kind contributions represent the value of noncash contributions provided by the grantee, other public agencies and institutions, private organizations or individuals. In-kind contributions may consist of charges for real property and equipment, and value of goods and services directly benefiting and specifically identifiable to the grant program. When authorized by Federal legislation, property purchased with Federal funds may be considered as grantees' in-kind contribution.
Maintenance of effort (MOE) is a requirement contained in certain legislation, regulations, or administrative policies stating that a grantee must maintain a specified level of financial effort in a specific area in order to receive Federal grant funds, and that the Federal grant funds may be used only to supplement, not supplant, the level of grantee funds.